According to Justin Stoler, an associate professor in geography and sustainable development at the University of Miami, water futures are not a solution to the issue of water management and should only be used in the short term.  While water futures may provide security should conditions threaten farmers’ revenues, others can also buy water futures which could drive the price up, instilling concern that certain entities will ultimately control water availability and pricing.  To this point Stoler stated, “It may be okay to trade other products that can be substituted with alternatives, but when it comes to agriculture, water has no substitute.”